Today's surprise ending is this: I sold the car. What I'd replace it with? This…
Obviously that's another Tesla Model S—a used Model S. It is, in fact, a 2016 Models S 90D—yes, basically the exact car I had, but not really—more on that in a bit. My wife and I call it the unicorn car; read on to understand why, and why I made this trade. (As I was writing this, I learned that others had already used that phrase for this particular vintage of the Model S.)
If you want free Supercharging, you'll need to find a pre-2017 car from a private party—staring with the 2017 cars, free Supercharging became non-transferrable.
You can read the rest of the article, but all the references to free Supercharging from Tesla are irrelevant…darn it.
(Credit to Chuck M. for our conversation that made me dig into this.)
I'll also explain why I think this particular version of the car is the best one you can buy if you're in the market for a used Model S (and maybe even if you're considering a new one.) Finally, I'll briefly discuss the weird process of buying a used Tesla from Tesla.
So why'd I trade my 2016 Model S 90D in for another 2016 Model S 90D? There are a few reasons which I'll discuss below. But first, here are the only real differences between my "new used" 2016 90D and my original 2016 90D (other than the color change)…
- My original car was built in May of 2016. This car was built in December of 2016—I was looking for one built between October and December, for reasons I'll discuss below.
I "gained" 13,000 miles by replacing my car—the old one was over 34,000 miles, the new one is under 21,000.
This car has the newer front end design, which gets rid of the large black oval…
While I didn't hate the old design, the new one is much cleaner to my eye. But that really had nothing to do with why I bought the car.
My original car had a full glass roof with sunroof while this one has a panoramic roof (no cross-supports between windshield and rear hatch). I wanted the sunroof, but could not find a car that offered it (and met all my other criteria).
My old car was very near the end of its three-year 36,000 mile warranty. The new used car, because I bought it directly from Tesla, is covered by a four-year 50,000 mile warranty. This was a fairly important reason for trading cars, as I wanted some additional warranty protection. And yes, the used car I bought has a longer warranty than the new car I bought. Weird.
- The new car has Tesla's Autopilot 2 hardware, featuring eight cameras instead of my original car's one. It also includes the Full Self Driving capability, an optional feature at the time of purchase. More on this below.
So much for the specs…what is it about this particular Model S that makes it The Unicorn Car?
My wife coined the term Unicorn Car after I'd been searching Tesla's used car site for months; she decided I'd probably have as much luck searching for unicorns as I was having searching for this car, hence the name.
So what makes it the Unicorn Car? It's the combination of three features: Unlimited free use of Tesla's Supercharger network, the second-generation Autopilot hardware, and the autopilot hardware having the Full Self Driving feature (an added cost item) purchased by the original owner.
Unlimited free SuperchargingFree Supercharging is a feature of the car, not a benefit to the original owner. So when the car sells, the free Supercharging goes with it. is only available on cars built before year-end 2016, and second-generation Autopilot hardware—though announced in August of 2016—seemed to hit volume production in October of 2016. (The new front-end design started in June-ish of 2016, as I recall.) Hence the desired production window of October to December, 2016.
The second-generation autopilot hardware, with its increased camera count, was one of the main things I was after in this upgrade—this matches what Tesla is still building today in the Model S, so this car is relatively "future proof" in terms of its autopilot features.
Beyond just the newer hardware, however, I really wanted to find a car whose original owner had bought the full self driving feature for the new autopilot hardware. (Ironically, that owner never got to use that feature, because it's still not enabled, and probably won't be for years to come.)
Why did I want a car with a feature that's not enabled and won't be for a while? Because the cars that were sold with full self driving capability will receive a free hardware upgrade to Tesla's new autopilot computer, powered by an incredibly-fast chip they're calling HW3:
Keeping Tesla’s tendency to continuously innovate, Musk later stated that HW3 would be equipped in all new production cars in around 6 months. Transitioning to the new hardware will not change any of the vehicle’s sensors or production, either, as it is simply a replacement of the Autopilot computer being installed on all vehicles today. As an added note, Musk pointed out that Tesla owners who purchased Full Self-Driving would be given the HW3 upgrade free of charge. Owners who have not ordered Full Self-Driving, on the other hand, would likely pay around $5,000 for the FSD suite and the new hardware.
Getting a new speedy computer for free—that will have benefits outside of the non-usable full self driving mode—thanks to a prior owner's decision seemed like a smart thing to do, so it went on my list of requirements. (The six months mentioned in the above quote is coming to an end right about now, and Musk has tweeted that the replacements are coming soon.)
As you might expect, these cars are rare—there aren't a lot of Model S cars to begin with, and narrowing it to a three-month production window further narrows the field. Even if made within that window, not every buyer opted to pay for the full self driving capability (or even the new autopilot hardware). And then there's the fact that I hate black interiors, which further narrows the list of available cars. Finally, I wanted to match the set of options on my existing car as best as possible, as I'd gotten very used to having them around. In short, I was definitely searching for a unicorn.
When I started my search, Tesla's used car search was very limited: It could only search within one region at a time. I saved bookmarks to search each of their locations, and checked each day for matching cars in each region.
Day after day, I'd search and come up with no matches. Or matches only for the very-expensive P100D. Or matches that had black interiors. Or that were missing key features. Or that had everything but the full self driving capability.
Thankfully, Tesla has since improved their used car search, and it now runs nationwide searches by default—it shows local results first, then all matching—and closely matching—cars. (You can have any car transported to your local store for $2,000.)
If you decide you'd like to find a unicorn of your own, here's a search string that targets free Supercharging (by way of a 2016 production year and the HEPA filter, which can only be found on "new nose" cars) and the new autopilot hardware. Note that I set the zip code to Portland; edit it to match your local area:
As you can't search on full self driving, you need to check the wording in the "Features" section of a given car's details page very carefully. To find the real unicorn, you're looking for three terms there:
- Enhanced Autopilot
- Full Self Driving Capability
- Free Supercharging
If you try the above search today, you'll find that there are exactly zero cars available anywhere in the USA with free Supercharging, Enhanced Autopilot, and full self driving. As I said, they're very rare. (There's one car with the new Autopilot hardware and free Supercharging, but not Full Self Driving—and it's the costly P100D variant.)
When they do show up, they tend to disappear quickly—we got incredibly lucky when a match showed up in Seattle, as it appeared when I happened to accidentally re-run a search on the Seattle region about 20 minutes after I'd run the last one. (And because it was in Seattle, we were able to drive there and pick it up, saving the $2,000 delivery charge.)
Since the beginning of 2017, Tesla has greatly simplified the Model S ordering process—things that were options on my cars are now standard features. But they've also removed things, such as the sunroof and my preferred light-tan-colored interior. Combine the reduced feature set with the free Supercharging and new autopilot hardware (plus a soon-to-arrive new autopilot computer), and that's why I think the October to December 2016 Model S is the ideal used Model S if you're in the market.
Buying a used Tesla is unlike buying any used car I've ever bought in the past. It's probably most similar to buying one from Carvana, which I've never used. Once you find the car on Tesla's site, you click a button to request photos. Once the photos arrive, you look them over, looking for flaws and making sure what was described on the site is what you see in the photos. There's no way to test drive the cars, nor see them in person before purchasing. That's…weird…for cars in this price bracket.
If you like what you see, you place a—theoretically non-refundable!—deposit on the car, and the purchase process starts. The first time you see the car in person is when you show up to pick it up at the local store. (Or, in our case, after driving 180 miles north.)
Thankfully, the car was in excellent condition—one reason I bought a used Tesla from Tesla instead of a private owner was the warranty, and knowing that Tesla wouldn't offer that before they went through the car to make sure everything was fine.
Still, buying a car sight-unseen is a new experience for me, and I'll admit it's far from comfortable. But we're very happy with the new used Tesla—we've named this one Needle, given the trouble we had finding it in the haystack of used Teslas.
That was a lot of words about one car (OK, technically about two cars). Hopefully you found some nuggets of useful information on Teslas or electric cars in general. I really do think we're headed to a mostly-electric automotive future, and I think that's a good thing.
If you have any questions about Tesla's cars or this series of articles, please post them here, or contact me via Twitter or email (my first name at my domain) and I'll do my best to answer them. Thanks for reading!